Spain has already provided protection to around 25,000 Ukrainian refugees

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admin March 29, 2022 44 Views
Updated 2022/03/29 at 6:05 AM
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Spain has already provided protection to around 25,000 Ukrainian refugees
Spain has already provided protection to around 25,000 Ukrainian refugees Listen to this article

A group of refugees from Ukraine wait to start necessary procedures after arriving in Spain at La Vernada National Police Station in Barcelona on March 17.
A group of refugees from Ukraine wait to start necessary procedures after arriving in Spain at La Vernada National Police Station in Barcelona on March 17.David Zorakino (Europa Press)

Spain has launched an unprecedented administrative mechanism to manage Ukrainian refugee papers and 24,862 displaced persons have already been granted residence and work authorizations, according to interior ministry data. Some discrepancies have also been recorded. In the case of the center of Barcelona, ​​there was no day available until mid-July this Sunday, as reported on the official telephone number that enabled the refugees to attend (91 047 44 44). The term refers to forcing displaced persons to live in an irregular situation, as it exceeds the 90 days of legal stay that the law allows without the need for a permit or visa.

The government says that due to the large influx of people in recent days, there has been a mismatch in the deadlines and it has become necessary to strengthen the deployment of police officers to process the documents. The reinforcement has resulted in 350 daily appointments instead of 250. This Monday, days were already available at the Barcelona center in mid-May and a formula is being sought to transfer those who had to register for July. “Both the Ministry of Interior and the Ministry of Inclusion will take necessary measures so that the displaced get temporary protection within a reasonable time,” the two ministries assured.

Registration of refugees who have already received their documents began on March 11, when the government began processing temporary protections given to people displaced by war in Ukraine. This protection, agreed by the Council of the European Union, is achieved in Spain in a maximum of 24 hours and allows you to live and work for one year, which can be extended to three. Spain has been one of the most liberal countries when it comes to interpreting the European Directive and this includes Ukrainians who were already living here in an unregulated situation and foreigners from third countries who prove their legal residency in Ukraine. When the war broke out on the 24th. February.

Among those documented in the centers of Barcelona, ​​Madrid and Alicante, but in more than 50 provincial and local police stations, some 8,500 are minors. Most of the concessions are concentrated in Madrid, the Valencian Community, Catalonia and Andalusia, in that order, autonomous communities with the largest Ukrainian diaspora. This more or less spontaneous distribution of arrivals is causing some regions to assume too much pressure (on their health, education or social service systems), a frequent scenario when the non-partner talks about foreign minors. Is. The Valencian president, socialist Zimo Puig, has been the first to ask the central government for the distribution of refugees, a solidarity mechanism that, despite several attempts, has never been launched in Spain.

Dozens of Ukrainians were concentrated in Madrid's Plaza de Callao this Sunday to claim the end of the war.
Dozens of Ukrainians were concentrated in Madrid’s Plaza de Callao this Sunday to claim the end of the war.Victor Lerena (EFE)

The arrival of displaced people from Ukraine to Spain is increasing as the Russian offensive moves forward. Jose Luis Escriva, Minister of Inclusion, Social Security and Migration, said this weekend Pawn That nearly 80,000 displaced persons have arrived in Spain, although it is “very complicated” to quantify. The minister’s count includes 40,000 people among those who are already documented and who have an appointment to do so. And it believes another 40,000 displaced persons have yet to contact official channels to request papers or asylum.

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This figure is still modest, considering that 3.6 million people have already fled Ukraine. Most of those displaced by the war are still in border countries, especially Poland, but more than a million refugees have emigrated to other states. Germany, the Czech Republic and Austria lead the reception with more than 200,000 displaced persons, although it can be estimated that a good percentage of them are still in transit to other countries. With regard to temporary security concessions, Spain has processed about 3.6% of the 750,000 applications that have been registered by all member states, according to statistics controlled by the European Commission. However, the officials do not rule out the scenario of intense arrivals which may exceed the forecast. Spain is the fourth country in the European Union with the largest colony of Ukrainians, a situation that would attract refugees seeking a network of family and friends. “Appropriately, we will be one of the most important host countries in the EU,” Interior Minister Fernando Grande-Marlasca said in Brussels on Monday.

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