Home Editions Scientists discover skeleton with Prago, not calcaneus, best physical evidence of crucifixion in Roman world

Scientists discover skeleton with Prago, not calcaneus, best physical evidence of crucifixion in Roman world

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No one knows what it was or what it was called, so archaeologists treat it with the cool name of Skeleton 4926, two of 48 bodies (5 children) found in November 2017 during an excavation of a piece of land in the town of Fenstanton. Cambridgeshire County (England), for the construction of a residential condominium. Now, for the magazine british archeology He reveals that this man was crucified 1,900 years ago and claims or claims that he took his right hand as “the best physical evidence of a crucifixion in the Roman world”, according to archaeologists. crossed legs, or what does that. In addition, some tortured people kept sharp metal clips piercing their feet, as these pieces of iron were removed after the condemned’s brutal death, as they were believed to have magical or curative properties.

article title The Crucifixion at the Fens: Life and Death at the Roman Fenstantekilled by archaeologists David Ingham and corrine duhigggives Cambridge University, states that the body, consistent with that of a man between the ages of 25 and 35, was buried in a Caxo de Carvalho, which was extremely rare, as it was a man who had been sentenced to death by the Roman authorities. . Furthermore, experts accept that this unfortunate man lived his life as a simple slave, as his kennel bones are extremely worn, “as if they had been permanently dragged by the currents”, they observed. .

Martyrdom of Crucifixion, Second J Gunnar SamuelssonFrom the Department of History, University of Gothenburg (Sweden), invented by the Persian hair, perfected by the Carthaginian hair and copied by the Roman hair after defeating the Punics. It took place in a public place with the intention of serving as an example to deter those who intended to violate the law. But it was only “reserved for outlaws, criminals, rivals and slaves who did not apply to the highest elements of Roman society”, says Samuelson.

It is also known that the most brutal and most inhumane representation of this torture took place in 71 BC, on the Via Appia in Rome, after the revolt of the slave Spartacus, when more than 6,000 people were killed.

Two of the convicts died mainly due to suffocation. O’Reu, after being bound or imprisoned by the death post, experienced difficulty exhaling, a painful process that prevented the elimination of CO2 from his lungs (hypercapnia), while oxygen became scarce within minutes. Or crucified, in a desperate attempt to breathe, he bent over us, as the pain in his arms and legs increased and the pain increased. Be the executioner pitiful, break the legs so that death dies more quickly.

Fenstanton’s crucifixion, endorsing the studies of the University of Cambridge, lived in a village built next to the so-called Via Devana, a route that connected Cambridge and Godmanchester, two important Roman cities of the time, and which is located in the present day. matches in A14 Road. This settlement, maintained over the centuries, notes Ingham and Duhigg’s second study, “the high number of coins found during excavations and the large quantities of ceramics and animal bones”. Experts recognize that the city covered about six hectares, and that its first inhabitants settled there around the beginning of the Christian era or a few decades earlier.

The body of the unfortunate 4926 was pressed belly-up, in a north-south direction, with her hands pressed over her pelvis. His mortal remains, moreover, would appear surrounded by 12 pregos: one next to the head, another closer to the feet, five forming a line across the top of the tomb, four forming a curve downward, one more than that of his. crossed the grave.

When the skeleton was exhumed, and since the body was covered in clay, or prego inscribed, it was not falsified, it was visible, and thus all the bones were sent to a laboratory in the city of Bedford for roten analysis. Have been taken. When technicians clean out the remains of the bone, they look for metal that has passed through or the calcaneus.

Ingham, director of projects for the consultancy responsible for excavations in Albion archeology, announces the fourth fair of the magazine Guardian that “we know a lot about crucifixions, how they were practiced and where, thanks to historical details. However, this is the first solid evidence to really see how they work.

Skeleton of man aged 25 to 35 found crucified in Cambridgeshire
Skeleton of man aged 25 to 35 found crucified in CambridgeshireAdam Williams

The significance of the discovery also resides in being the only physical evidence found north of Europe and the fourth in the world, yet in two of these cases pregos have not been found. The most famous case occurred in 1968 during civil construction works in Jerusalem (Israel). Prago had a similar position to the British position, but it was not so well protected. Some scholars would point to serious flaws in the process of examining these remains and data in recent years that do not match up with the initial reports.

On the other hand, it is very rare that the body of a martyr on the cross, as in the case of the man from Fenstanton, is recovered by his friends or relatives, returned to the city of origin or residence and buried together with others. goes. city ​​people, mainly when or status I always do justice to society. Romana: Um escravo. Scientists also do not know the exact place of his crucifixion, but it was probably near the tomb, on the other side of the present A14, where holes for pillars and fences were found.

Radiocarbon dating determined that this man died between 130 and 360 AD. c.. A DNA analysis, for its time, showed that it was not related to other bodies found locally (four small cemeteries around it), genetically corroborating that it was part of the original population, not Of two Roman colonists.

Ingham hopes that a 3D replica of the bone with the calcaneus as prego encrypted will be displayed at Cambridge’s Museum of Archeology and Anthropology, where it will be remembered that Emperor Constantine ended this atrocious practice of year-long executions. Had done it. 337.

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