Located exactly where Columbus’ first tomb was: under the asphalt in the center of Valladolid

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Located exactly where Columbus' first tomb was: under the asphalt in the center of Valladolid Listen to this article

Small fragments of human bones, earth, microbes from the Caribbean, plaster, bricks and metal elements that keep the chest, where the remains of Christopher Columbus, installed in the cathedral of Seville, reflect a veil of utter darkness and complexity. Universal includes the figure of this fundamental character in history. Martial Castro, historian who has been trying to solve the puzzle of America’s winner thanks to this project since 2002 Columbus DNA, its true origin, The research, promoted by the University of Granada and various international laboratories, defines it very clearly: “In the colon, everything is chaos”. A chaos, which slowly begins to organize itself, even if it is minimal. This Thursday, at the Naval Museum in Madrid, partial results of studies are presented that pinpoint the exact location where the admiral was initially buried, as that too was not yet completely certain.

Reports from experts confirm that Genoese – or where he was from, as it is unclear who was buried on May 20, 1506, in the convent of San Francisco, in a chapel owned by the aristocrat Luis de la Cerda. Valladolid. But the monastery no longer exists as it was demolished in 1876. And what happened to the original grave of the man who found a new world? Well, it is located under the asphalt of Valladolid’s Calle de la Constitución in the center of the city. and his remains? Having traveled around the planet several times, like a good sailor, he now rests in the cathedral of Seville.

The man who had given an empire to the Catholic Monarchs, returned in fetters from his third voyage, was accused of a thousand and one indignities in the Indies. The admiral had failed utterly as stewards of the newly discovered land. So when he got his freedom, he decided to pursue the royal contingent in search of a new opportunity, just like many others who had been behind the court in the pursuit of statehood.

Digital reconstruction of the Convent of San Francisco de Valladolid, where Columbus was initially buried.
Digital reconstruction of the Convent of San Francisco de Valladolid, where Columbus was initially buried.

In 1506, Fernando el Católico ‘Isabel, the financier of the first expedition to the Americas, had already died’ arrived in Valladolid, and was accompanied by Columbus and his eight servants. The sailor thought that the emperor would always have time to listen to his plea. But death overtook him in the city of Pisurga, so he was buried in the chapter house of the convent (Koln was wealthy). At least, that was indicated by a document (now lost) by the then city councillor, Rodrigo de Verdesoto. Three centuries later, an enlightened sailor named José Vargas Ponce began writing the Verdesotto text where he reported that Columbus was buried in a Franciscan church. The team of researchers from the University of Granada now confirms Vargas’ observations, as a portion of the Earth placed in the chest of Seville is found in the subregion of the Valladolid Constitution’s street, according to project sources. However, are extremely reluctant to provide more data.

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Crossing the Georador from the top of the road, experts also unearthed some of the pillars of the old convent building and thus located exactly where the chapel stood. They were also able to determine its measurement (11 by 11 metres). Subsequently, and thanks to the data obtained by underground detectors, a digital reconstruction of the convent and burial space has been carried out.

And what happened to the discoverer’s remains? It is known that his daughter-in-law took him to Seville around 1510 and was buried again in Seville Cartuja. But in 1523, the admiral’s body and that of his son were transferred to the island of Hispaniola (today an area shared by the Dominican Republic and Haiti), where he actually intended to be buried. It was then deposited in the cathedral of Santo Domingo, until Spain ceded the Caribbean island to France in 1793. This meant that the coffins were again taken to Havana Cathedral, where they remained until Cuban independence in 1898. From there, with all due respect, he was sent back to Spain and placed in Havana Cathedral. The work of Seville, where the admiral rests in an impressive mausoleum Arthur Melida. However, the Dominican Republic does not accept this version as it states that the sailor continued to rest in Santo Domingo Cathedral, a box found in 1877 where the inscription read “Christopher Columbus”.

Portrait of Christopher Columbus, created in the 16th century by the painter Sebastiano del Piombo.
Portrait of Christopher Columbus, created in the 16th century by the painter Sebastiano del Piombo.

In 2003, Martial Castro and José Antonio Llorente, professor of legal and forensic medicine at the University of Granada and one of the world’s most renowned DNA experts, obtained permission to open the Sevillian tomb and verified the authenticity of the bones by comparing them. of his brother and of his son, in whose remains there is no doubt. Similarly, he denied that the guards at Santo Domingo were from Cologne.

Another riddle, perhaps the most famous, concerns the origin of the sailor. Although it is mainly accepted that he was Genoese – although he never wrote a single line in Italian – many experts defend other places of birth: Galicia, Catalonia, Mallorca, Castile, Portugal, France, Poland … As it was in 2003, when samples were extracted from the tomb in Seville, DNA technology was not as developed, their genetic origin could not be established. project specialist Columbus DNA, Its True Origin They say that now, 20 years later, it can be done and with great accuracy. The results of the investigation will be made public next October in a documentary directed by Regis Francisco López, produced by RTVE and Story Productions.

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