A leaked version of the European Union’s Digital Markets Act (DMA) indicates that Apple may be forced to make major changes to the App Store, Messages, FaceTime, third-party browsers and Siri.
According to a leaked working document to represent the “final” version of the WFD, seen by MacRumorsThe European Union is planning to implement changes that will be aimed at allowing companies like Apple to manage their products, apps and services in Europe, especially with regard to “surveillance”.
Previous versions of the digital market law called for large technology companies to share metrics with the competition, ensuring that all applications could be uninstalled and did not prefer their own applications and services. Companies failing to do so could face large fines, up to ten percent of the company’s annual worldwide turnover, or even forced disinvestment.
One of the main parts of the DMA is its attempt to introduce major changes to the App Store, allowing Apple to allow users to download apps from the Internet and third-party app stores and allow developers to use an in-app payment system. permission is granted. Selecting and promoting offers to users. The DMA revisions outlined in the leaked document seek to address browser engine control and platform interoperability.
The document expands provisions to prevent companies from requiring developers to use a particular browser engine. The change is likely intended to directly address Apple’s requirement that all browsers running iOS and iPadOS use its own WebKit technology, and that third-party browsers such as Chrome, Edge, Brave and Opera should stop using WebKit. And will allow switching to Chromium like them. Desktop equivalent.
Widespread new interoperability obligations will require companies to ensure that, under certain circumstances, their messaging, voice and video calling apps and services will work with rival services and include end-to-end encryption. This could have implications for iMessage and FaceTime, but it’s not clear to what extent Apple will need to make changes to its services to meet DMA’s interoperability requirements.
The DMA was also amended to add provisions regulating virtual assistants such as Siri, stating that users should have the option to change the default virtual assistant to a third-party option when using it for the first time. Other changes to the DMA relate to preventing companies from giving preference to their own apps and services, such as when they render rankings or search results.
EU lawmakers temporarily approved the WFD in March. Once the final document is officially published, the European Parliament and Council will need to approve it before it can be implemented. The head of digital competition, Margaret Vestager, said last month that she expects the DMA to go into effect “sometime in October.”