Government approved graduation decree: students will be able to finish with a fail and lead to a new selectivity

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The government this Tuesday approved the decree of the new level, with which the reform of the educational stages ends to make them adapt to a new method of teaching based on the educational law, flair and competencies that came into force last year. With the new rules, students will be able to complete graduation with a failed subject if they meet a number of conditions.

The Secretary of State for Education, Alejandro Tiana, recalled in a meeting with the press this Monday that he wanted to copy the model of universities, where a compensation board meets and debates whether a student who has the rest of the subjects can Passes the degree. Tiana believes that a certain “autonomy” should be given to high school graduates, who are treated more like high school students than pre-university students. “It is not that they save a subject, but that they may compensate under certain conditions: when they have studied the subject, when they have achieved a normally acceptable level, when their average exceeds five …”.

Bachelor’s degree in three years

The baccalaureate may be studied in exceptionally, three years, instead of the usual two. Thus, the aim is to facilitate the study of difficulties to young elite athletes or performers in combination with their exercises and books. Catalonia launched a pilot program last year.

By splitting the artistic branch into two (one focused on plastics and the other on music and the performing arts) and creating a new normal level with science and letters, there would be five levels of modalities instead of the current three. The separation of art is an age-old claim by teachers and students, as theater has little in common with design. As Tiana explained, the General Baccalaureate is designed for young people who wish to study careers that touch on various areas of knowledge, such as tourism or commerce, or a high level of vocational training in early childhood education or sound technician. are, and don’t want to go “for such a huge expertise”. The Secretary of State cited the example of the prestigious International Baccalaureate (IB), also implanted in Spain half the world, with no modalities and the student making his itinerary la carte. Tiana believes its implementation will be “gradual,” but it won’t cause much difficulty in centers that already have a branch of papers and sciences. It is the autonomy that decides what modalities are taught in each centre.

The new curriculum, which will be implemented in September in the first year of the Baccalaureate and a year later in the second year, also includes seven subjects (four of them designed for general modalities). History of Spain, covered from prehistory in a single high school curriculum, will focus on the contemporary era. “History is studied by all students at all levels and in Baccalaureate a student needs to know how history is constructed and for that it is impossible if you have to study I don’t know how many centuries Huh. It is the same in other countries. It has been studied in France since the Second World War, in others only the 20th century…”, recalled Tiana.

But more importantly, it aspires to profoundly change the way they learn, moving from a model based on students being able to repeat material on a test to one that applies the knowledge gained and transfers it to another. Tests their ability to connect. The new approach, called competency, will lead to a different selectivity, similar to the Pisa Report exams, the test that the OECD routinely conducts in dozens of countries (79, in 2018).

retraining of teachers

Faced with so many changes, unions call for recycling and Tiana agrees: “We are aware of the need for permanent training, which is included in the law as a right and duty of teachers. Although it is the responsibility of the communities, from the ministry we are starting regional cooperation programs with autonomous communities in some areas, such as digitization, but not exclusively. Not only will there be courses, but collaboration networks will be created between the centres, the state secretary said, “so that they can learn from different communities as well, from each other during the visits.” In addition, some regions have figureheaded curriculum tutors “to support management teams in the transition”, although Tiana praised that many centers already have “long-term initiatives of their own which are very interesting”.

Documents drawn up by the Ministry of Education and approved by the Council of Ministers, called minimum education, must now be completed by each autonomous community (those with co-official languages ​​will dictate 50% of the curriculum, and those who do not, 40% ). ) to pass its own decrees. And they have to hurry as there are five months left for their applications to start. Tiana stressed that they have been working “collaboratively” with regional governments “for more than a year”, and the proof is that many regions will soon draft their curriculum. These previous laws, in his opinion, are going to be more similar to each other than LOMCE, because in that case communities had complete freedom in developing elective subjects and this allowed stamps to “publish” more textbooks than ever before. . Tiana believes there will always be a difference in content between “street to street” centers, but importantly, it does not lead to disparity.

As for religion, the new text makes it less relevant by establishing that grades obtained in the subject would not count toward extracting “average grades for the purposes of access to university or in calls to receive scholarships and grants for study”. which has to be entered in the academic record consent”.

The following keys may help you better understand this level of education improvement.

Seville/07-13-2021: In its extraordinary call for July, several students ahead of the start of the Level Assessment Examination for Admission and Admission (PEvAU) at the University of Seville.  Photo: PACO PUENTES/EL PAIS
Failing that, in order to earn a degree, a student must meet several conditions: that the teaching team believes that they have achieved the objectives of the Forum; Not being absent from class in a “constant and unexplained” manner; Have not passed subject exams, including exceptional calls, and their average grade reaches at least five. To pursue undergraduate study in three courses will also need to meet a series of requirements. Read full news by clicking on this link
Barcelona Institute students during an exam.
Out of the seven new subjects, four are of general graduation. These are general mathematics (oriented to problem solving and information analysis, with a “special focus on non-mathematical contexts”); general Science; Cultural and artistic movements, and economy, entrepreneurship and business activity. In this link you can consult how 42 subjects will be
GraphVA 5697.  Valencia, 06/08/2021.- Several students review before the start of the University Access Test (PAU) at the Polytechnic University of Valencia this Tuesday.  More than 24,500 students from the Valencian community begin the University Entrance Examinations (PAU) this Tuesday, 500 more students than last year.  Efe/Ana Escobar
The new curriculum replaces one encyclopedic model for another that describes what kind of skills students should acquire. Content is conveyed in a more open manner, giving room for centers and teachers to specify according to their students. The university entrance exam will have to change to adapt. The ministry is already working on this. More details by clicking on this link
07/29/2021.- Miguel Soler, co-author of the new educational curriculum approved by the Ministry of Education and Regional Secretary of Education of the Generalitat Valenciana, in his office.  Photo, Monica Torres/EL Pass.
Miguel Soler is one of the experts who designed the new curriculum. Soler, the Valencian Autonomous Education Secretary, defends the change in this interview. “The aim of competency-based learning is to assimilate and have sufficient memory to be able to solve problems in the future and respond to new situations for the knowledge you have acquired”. Read full interview here
Christina Paris, Professor of Philosophy and Director of the Public Institute of Albal, Valencia, addresses some of the students on Tuesday.  photo, kike tuberner
In order for the curriculum to be completed and implemented in September, autonomous communities will still have to accept their share. The slowness of the process creates concern in schools, and institutions in particular: students do not know what kind of baccalaureate there will be in their institution and directors fear that the slow pace will lead to dissatisfaction among teachers. Read full news on this link
COUNTRY_03/21/2022.  (Photo: KIKE TABERNER) Students of Albal Secondary School (Valencia)
Philosophy does not disappear from institutions. In Baccalaureate, in fact, it adds weight by moving from a compulsory subject (in the first) and an elective (in the second) to two compulsory subjects (one in each course). On the other hand, in the ESO, education did not include it in the list of subjects that institutions were to offer compulsorily, but it did allow autonomy to be added to it, and almost all of them have said that they would do so. Read the rest of the changes in the matter by clicking on this link

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