Garimpeiro who invaded Yanomami land in the 1980s and led two lobbyists in favor of exploration in the indigenous area | Current

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admin November 29, 2021
Updated 2021/11/29 at 3:58 PM
Garimpeiro who invaded Yanomami land in the 1980s and led two lobbyists in favor of exploration in the indigenous area |  Current
Garimpeiro who invaded Yanomami land in the 1980s and led two lobbyists in favor of exploration in the indigenous area | Current Listen to this article

A vida do gaúcho Elton Rohnelt, 80, explains much or Brasil do Governo Jair Bolsonaro. With a long history of business and political atuação in Amazônia, he was the protagonist and defender of mining exploration in indigenous lands long before Bolsonaro was a public homem. Rohnelt já was director of Madeireira, donor of Garimpo, one of two leaders of the Garimpeira invasion of Yanomami lands in the 1980s, and federal deputy for Roraima from 1995 to 2003. Occupy various public offices in Roraima, he was vice-leader of the governo Fernando Henrique Cardoso and direct assessor of Michel Temer. Hoje, Rohnelt is president emeritus of the Câmara de Gestão e Estudos Superiores do Instituto do Desenvolvimento da Mineração (IDM Brazil) – an organization responsible for all technical assessment and interlocution as a mineral consultant for the Frente Parlamentar da Mineração em Brasília.

In times of environmental preservation, Rohnelt defends the interests of trying to explore mining and minimizes, for example, the invasion of garimpeiros do Rio Madeira, whose images crash or world last week. According to the employer, the disputes have to be resolved by the Brazilian State. “O garimpeiro is not fora da lei, which is fora da lei é or Brazilian State that does not legislate, deixa or face fora da lei to raise porrada.” Na visão de Rohnelt, who discovers our United States or Canada “turns hero”, and helps the Government. “I am not interested in this indigenous area. Onde for, or Governo vai ajudar. Not Brazil not here, preferably it goes to smuggling or smuggling ”, he says.

É um two major defenders do Project of Lei 191, sent to the Congress of its own Government, as an intention to liberate mining, agribusiness and other activities on indigenous land. “Or subsolo não é do Indio, é da União, do Governo Brasileiro. Soon, it was over, either the Brazilian Government was interested, not only, or the Indian could not do anything. Either Government can do what I need to understand ”, said Rohnelt, in an interview by telephone. For him, Bolsonaro is “skidding” and is caught by “servants who are within the government and who are contrary to the country, people infiltrated from the country,” including Ibama and Funai, who sabotage federal management, in their opinion.

Or Rohnelt’s dream of exploring Amazônia has been around for a long time. During his time as a deputy, Rohnelt was the rapporteur for the Projeto de León. 1610 of 1996, by former senator Romero Jucá, or the first to deal with mineral exploration in indigenous lands. Rohnelt’s report was simple: fully support or project. Second or entrepreneur, Jair Bolsonaro made several trips in his company around 1997, when both were deputies, especially in the Cabeça do Cachorro area, on the border of Colombia and Venezuela. The objective of the visits, which included São Gabriel da Cachoeira, not Amazonas, a city with 90% indigenous people, was “to get to know the region and see the Army.” Bolsonaro found Six Lakes, in the same area, considered the largest niobium reserve on the planet. It is possible for him to come to Obsessão de Bolsonaro as a boy.

Despite the empolgação em increasing exports, or the market affirms that the reserves made in the exploration of niobium in the world – notably for Araxá, in Minas Gerais – are sufficient for the next 200 years.

Or last political position that Rohnelt tentou was in 2014: he obtained 920 votes for federal deputy for Roraima, agreeing with the PSDB. Declarou assets of R $ 926 thousand year TSE These include tractors, an aircraft and a raft. Cover or PL 191/2020, sent by Bolsonaro to the Congress in February 2020, Rohnelt is totally in favor. The only condition would be not to assassinate indigenous people and to respect the people who live in isolation. Or the government can do or what it wants, “since no harm or indio”, he says. “I am not going to kill or India, I am going to negotiate, pay royalty, like the US. Não tem diferença nenhuma ”, he accredits.

Or gaucho Elton Rohnelt é or third party for a direct.
Or gaucho Elton Rohnelt é or third party for a direct.Isac Nóbrega (Presidency of the Republic)

American experience is long overdue to be a reference, porm. The history of contamination is vast, including hundreds of radioactive mines of urânio abandoned on indigenous lands, constant ameaças to sacred locations, disrespected accords and complete asymmetry of forças. Or cenário repeats itself no Canada, na Australia e no chili, all of them as an example of Governo Bolsonaro.

Elton Rohnelt said that “or isolated Indian” feared that “to be defended by Brazilian society.” Not so much, o PL 191 foresees thatIn the case of mineral exploration on land with isolated indigenous people, “Funai will establish the necessary limits to protect these communities.” Hoje, eles circulam livres. In the case of TI’s with a mistaken presence, in which we coexist isolated with other communities, such as TI Yanomami, isso no minimum would cause new conflicts. Rohnelt considers that the indigenous living in cities – about 40% population, second or IBGE – “nem indio é mais”.

Denial of the Yanomami Genocide

Elton Rohnelt denies that a genocide occurred at TI Yanomami in the 1980s and appears as two leaders of the Garimpeira invasion. Second or entrepreneur, who affirms that he was in the region throwing another era, “no tinha nada”.

According to the narrative gives National Commission for VerdadeRomero Jucá, president of Funai from 1986 to 1988, was the main responsible for allowing the invasion of 40,000 garimpeiros outside of Yanomami territory. Negligently, “it ceifou thousandhares of lives and annihilated villages within.” The garimpeiros will count as direct support of the Jucá e do Governo federal, highlights or narrative. “There is no official number of deaths due to invasions, but it is estimated to be thousands of years old. Internal communities will disappear in the wake of epidemics, two conflicts with garimpeiros, or isolated pela fome ”, affirms the text.

For Elton Rohnelt, isso is a “lie” and a narrative “would be a bad thing for people to do.” “It proves me onde houve genocide. Prove, cheer. Genocid, oh, what a horror. How many morreram la? Where was it? In what place? There has never been a genocide in the Amazon ”, disse Rohnelt. Second or entrepreneur with decades of performance not garimpo, exploration in IT Yanomami will not end because “I am very much” and the garimpeiros “I am not going to stop” because “I hit or ouro com a mão”.

Businesses at Cabeça do Cachorro

Since the end of the 1980s, Elton Rohnelt has had dozens of requirements for mineral exploration on indigenous lands, including TI Yanomami. Isso causou controversy At the time of his report of the Romero Jucá law project.

O subject voltou to be questioned when Rohnelt assumes or position of direct assessor of Michel Temer, in 2018. Matéria do Jornal Folha de S. Paulo He reported that Rohnelt, together with his partner Otávio Lacombe, was attacking indigenous communities of TI Alto Rio Negro, in Cabeça do Cachorro, to explore tantalite, used in the electronic industry. Thus invested include ship doações e other equipments, payment for mining sample and promises of basic basket, affirms to reportagem. A technical justification used would be or Indio Statute of 1973, which would allow garimpagem to rudiment. But Lacombe also encourages and advises the creation of indigenous cooperatives, even as a statute soon, he says to matter. AND the same strategy used by businessmen linked to Bolsonaro no Pará, in TI Kayapó, for example.

Segundo Rohnelt, and Lacombe, who at the time was “tempting to create businesses like Indians” and create cooperatives for mining, even in other states like or Pará. Hoje, the partners are separated, says Rohnelt, who maintains a 30% stake in Gold Amazon / Mineração da Amazônia, “No nome de outras pessoas”, admits. The business venture started in the 80s between Rohnelt and the country of Otávio Lacombe.

Second or president emeritus of IDM Brazil, Lacombe continues to work the same way in the Alto Rio Negro and at Cabeça do Cachorro. “Meu relationship with the leaf and very ruim, we do not falamos. I was using meu nome, entering, because it was not known [pelos indígenas], e me prejudicou ”, argues Rohnelt.

Second recent data from the Agência Nacional de Mineração, 75 requirements affect IT Alto Rio Negro, being two from Mineração da Amazônia, both two years 80, with movement in 2019, to explore prata and ouro. Na TI Yanomami, a Mineração da Amazônia has 28 requirements, all from 1988 and major with movement more recent than 2001. Ouro, estanho, nióbio, tantalo, tungstênio and manganês only as visa substâncias. Not generally, TI Yanomami registers quase 500 mining requirements.

* This report was originally published in the Observatório da Mineração

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